Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder affecting women of reproductive age. Characterized by irregular periods, excess androgen levels, and polycystic ovaries, PCOS is a leading cause of infertility in women. Insulin resistance also plays a critical role in PCOS, contributing to hormonal imbalance.
While lifestyle changes and medication are standard management strategies, nutritional supplements can also provide supportive help. This article explores the potential benefits of Inositol, Vitamin D, Omega-3 fatty acids, and Chromium in managing PCOS symptoms.
Inositol, particularly in the forms of myo-inositol and D-chiro-inositol, has been widely researched for its benefits in PCOS management. A 2018 review in International Journal of Endocrinology found that Inositol supplementation improved several of the metabolic and hormonal disorders in women with PCOS1.
2. Vitamin D
Vitamin D deficiency is common in women with PCOS. A study published in the Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research found that Vitamin D supplementation improved insulin resistance and menstrual frequency in PCOS women2.
3. Omega-3 fatty acids
Omega-3 fatty acids, found in fatty fish and flaxseeds, have anti-inflammatory properties and can improve insulin sensitivity. A study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found that Omega-3 supplementation improved metabolic markers in women with PCOS3.
Chromium is a trace mineral that improves the body’s sensitivity to insulin. A study in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics found that chromium supplementation significantly reduced insulin levels and improved the lipid profile in women with PCOS4.
In conclusion, nutritional supplements such as Inositol, Vitamin D, Omega-3 fatty acids, and Chromium may serve as beneficial adjuncts in the management of PCOS. However, always consult with a healthcare professional before starting any new supplement regimen.
Remember, while these supplements show potential in managing PCOS, they should not be used as a replacement for medical advice or treatment. It’s always crucial to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any new supplement regimen.
- Unfer, V., Facchinetti, F., Orrù, B., Giordani, B., & Nestler, J. (2018). Myo-inositol effects in women with PCOS: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Endocrine Connections, 7(11), R109-R120. ↩
- Firouzabadi, R. D., Aflatoonian, A., Modarresi, S., Sekhavat, L., & MohammadTaheri, S. (2012). Therapeutic effects of calcium & vitamin D supplementation in women with PCOS. Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 18(2), 85-88. ↩
- Vargas, M. L., Almario, R. U., Buchan, W., Kim, K., & Karakas, S. E. (2011). Metabolic and endocrine effects of long-chain versus essential omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in polycystic ovary syndrome. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 94(6), 1665-1671. ↩
- Jamilian, M., Asemi, Z., (2015). Chromium Supplementation and the Effects on Metabolic Status in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: a Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial. Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics, 40(5), 567-572